Eighth International School On Mind, Brain And Education

2013 July 30 - August 04

Science Education
in the Digital Era

Directors: Antonio M. Battro, Kurt W. Fischer and Diego Golombek
Program officer: MarĂ­a Lourdes Majdalani

Abstract: Kurt W. Fischer, L. Todd Rose & Parisa Rouhani
Harvard Graduate School of Education, USA
Graduate School of Education. Harvard University

The science of the individual
Our goal is to establish a science of the individual, grounded in analysis of individual patterns of growth. We start with a focus on how individuals grow, based on models of pathways and contexts that shape development. Our argument is that individuals grow in distinctive ways, showing patterns of variability that are not captured by models of average or mean growth. The average does not represent normal growth. Instead individuals show individualized growth patterns, often unique. Different people grow along distinct pathways, which typically show extensive variability. Both pathways for learning and patterns of cellular growth in cancer document this variability. Individuals grow differently, along distinctive pathways. To find consistent patterns of growth, scientists need to focus on consistent individual pathways and differences, not averages or means. Tools from dynamic systems can be used to model individual pathways and patterns.