Twelfth International Summer School on Mind, Brain and Education

2017 September 1–7

Neuroscience of poverty

Director of the School: Antonio M. Battro
Director of the Course: Sebastián J. Lipina
Codirectors of the Course: Eric Pakulak, María Soledad Segretin
Management Assistance of the Course: Matías Lopez-Rosenfeld
Program Officer of the School: Lula Majdalani

Pérez-Escamilla, Rafael
University of Yale, USA

Dr. Rafael Pérez-Escamilla is Professor of Epidemiology & Public Health and Director of the Global Health Concentration and of the Office of Public Health Practice at the Yale School of Public Health. He obtained his BS in Chemical Engineering at Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico City, and his masters in food science, doctorate in maternal-child nutrition and postdoctorate in integrated early child development at the University of California at Davis. His research program focuses on maternal-child nutrition and household food insecurity measurement, and health outcomes globally. He has published over 180 research articles in prestigious peer reviewed journals in his field. He is a member of the Food and Nutrition Board of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences and served as a member of the USA 2010 and 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee and the 2016 Lancet Early Childhood Development Series, and chaired the HER-RWJF expert panel on responsive parenting feeding guidelines for infants and young toddlers. He is currently a senior scientific advisor to UNICEF, The World Health Organization, the World Bank, the U.S. Agency for International Development and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. He was recently awarded a Doctorate Honoris Causa by the University of Guadalajara in Mexico.


Advancing early childhood development, from science to scale: Lancet series findings
The latest Lancet Early Childhood Development (ECD) Series published in October 2016 by a highly interdisciplinary group of over 40 scientists from all world regions is based on three main papers. The first paper highlights the major advances in neurobiology explaining why socio-economically disadvantaged children are at a much higher risk of poor ECD as well as to how ECD has gained more traction among policy makers globally over the past decade. The second paper highlights evidence-based interventions available to help improve ECD across all nurturing care dimensions: nutrition, health, early stimulation and education, skilled parenting, and social and child protection. The third paper highlights pathways to scaling up of integrated ECD programs based on real world examples, as well as the cost of inaction and the affordability of investments needed to advance ECD on a large scale. This presentation will synthesize and integrate the Lancet ECD Series papers, and will help identify key research gaps in the field.

Literature to share