Directors of the School: Antonio M. Battro and Kurt W. Fischer
Directors of the Course: Sidney Strauss and Elena Pasquinelli
Program officer: María Lourdes Majdalani
New Trials in Pedagogy
The author and his colleagues have been developing brain-imaging methods that could play an important role in education, for example, functional MRI (1992) and “Optical Topography” (fNIRS, 1995). These mind measurement methods, such as “Mindscope,” could observe the activation of neuronal systems related to learning and education. Various results of brain measurements show that brain development is highly related to evolution. Therefore, we could learn much from brain evolution resulting in creating a new theory, “Evolutionary Pedagogy.”
Recently, the author found a further new measurement concept. Only humans obtained language with a hierarchical structure in evolution. If artificial intelligence could bi-directionally communicate with a person through language, we could obtain various mental and physical information of a person through the linguistic response to a linguistic probe.
Socrates’ dialogue in ancient Greek is an example of the measurement, analysis and feedback in the aforementioned way. Humans’ education might begin after evolving a theory of the mind (TOM). The combination of AI, robotics and brain-science might create a modern “Socratic method” that could provide a novel means from linguistic education to the assessment of an educational method using small or big data through dialogue.